Anna Ella Carroll
More than a century following her death, after being ignored, oppressed, and–literally–erased from history, Anna Ella Carroll is finally getting the last word. Carroll was an intriguing and atypical 19th century woman who emerged from the male-dominated realm of war, politics, and diplomacy.
As a key military strategist, Presidential advisor, and “unofficial” member of Abraham Lincoln’s Cabinet, Carroll was probably the most powerful woman in American during the Civil War. Biographers note that she could “scheme, connive, and maneuver as well as any man.”Â
Carroll was born at Kingston Hall in Somerset County, and later lived in Dorchester County. She was a war spy, politician, Unionist writer, pamphleteer, author and legal expert. She is credited with helping to prevent Maryland’s secession from the Union. President Lincoln sent her, accompanied by an army officer, to observe and report on the War on the western front. Her reports resulted in major military strategies that eventually doomed the Confederacy and ended the intervention of the European nations on the behalf of the South.
Carroll is credited with changing the direction of the Civil War by devising the crucial Tennessee River Plan. The plan laid the groundwork of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s successful campaign against the Confederates that hastened the end of the war. This plan changed the invasion route from the Mississippi to the Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers, resulting in the first two real victories for the Union. Fearing that Union generals and soldiers would not follow a plan devised by a woman civilian, Lincoln and his Cabinet kept Carroll’s authorship a secret; thus, the Tennessee River was the “lost river.” Carroll also presented legal arguments and opinions as to why Lincoln could issue the Emancipation Proclamation and detailed his war powers authority.
Evidence exists that Lincoln had intended to honor Carroll after the war with a title and pension equal to that of a Major General. However, after Lincoln was assassinated, Carroll’s male counterparts, assisted by General Grant himself, conspired to take credit for her successes and totally erase her from history.
When Carroll died in 1894, deprived of honor, title, pension, and acknowledgement for her accomplishments, her life story was already considered a model for the Women’s Suffrage Movement. Dorchester County school marms began including Anna Ella Carroll as part of their Civil War history lessons. These lessons were taught in Dorchester County schools well into the 1970s, with that community being the only one in the nation preserving Carroll’s memory. Although on August 1958, August 29 was proclaimed Anna Ella Carroll Day in Maryland, she has been out of the historical limelight since.
DURHAM, N.C. (AP) — Duke might have to figure out what the Zion Show will look like without its namesake. And Zion Williamson could have some things of his own to consider, too. All because of a freak [...]
KENOSHA, Wis. (AP) — A Wisconsin high school is ending cheerleading awards given annually to girls with the largest breasts or buttocks — dubbed “Big Booty” and “Big Boobie” — after the American Civil [...]
TRENTON, N.J. (AP) — A park ranger furloughed during the partial federal government shutdown has claimed a $29.5 million lottery jackpot. The New Jersey Lottery on Wednesday announced Judith Smith had [...]
PORTSMOUTH, N.H. (AP) — Nearing the end of a lively town hall with hundreds of voters packed into an art gallery, Cory Booker surveyed the crowd and reassured them that his sunny, unity-first presiden [...]
WASHINGTON (AP) — The lawyer for an Alabama woman denied return to the U.S. after joining the Islamic State group in Syria says he has evidence she’s an American citizen. U.S. officials contend that H [...]
WASHINGTON (AP) — A Coast Guard lieutenant who was arrested last week is a “domestic terrorist” who drafted an email discussing biological attacks and had what appeared to be a hit list that included [...]
Rev. Charles M. Franklin Jr of Ray of Hope Baptist Church in Baltimore, Maryland suffered a heart attack and died after communion service. [...]
In the latest viral example of white folks not minding their own business, let us introduce you to Franci Neely, a Houston socialite who was once married to Houston Astros owner Jim Crane. Apparently, [...]
The skeletal remains of a Florida teenager who vanished after possibly witnessing a murder that happened in 2017 were found over the weekend in a rural area, NBC Reports. Jabez Spann was 14 when he we [...]
After a January raid left two dead and five officers injured, Houston Police Chief Art Acevedo says the department will end “no-knock” warrants. According to NBC, Houston police will also be required [...]
George Zimmerman was allegedly looking for love on a popular dating app before the company blocked and banned him…again. Zimmerman’s Bumble account was shut down on Monday, and it’s second time in a [...]
Tamla Horsford suspiciously died in November 2018 after she reportedly fell off a balcony during a “football moms” overnight party in Forsyth, GA. [...]
TULSA, Okla. (AP) — Authorities say an Oklahoma man stole a Pepsi truck as the driver was unloading soda in the back. Tulsa police say no one was hurt. The driver jumped out of the back when he felt h [...]
A Texas man has been charged with filming women as they undressed and used the restroom at a Cheesecake Factory where he was an employee. According to ABC13, Herman Watson was arrested and plead guilt [...]
OAKLAND, Calif. (AP) — Former President Barack Obama and Golden State Warriors superstar Stephen Curry told a roomful of minority boys on Tuesday that they matter and urged them to make the world a be [...]
WASHINGTON (AP) — Justice Clarence Thomas says the Supreme Court should consider overturning a 55-year-old landmark ruling that makes it hard for public figures to win libel suits, writing in a case i [...]
WASHINGTON (AP) — Two leading advocates for retired NFL players have teamed up in pushing for increased pension benefits for pre-1993 retirees. The Pro Football Retired Players Association, a nonprofi [...]
An Alabama newspaper editor who called for a KKK revival and lynchings faces no real consequences. [...]
AURORA, Ill. (AP) — The family of the man who fatally shot five people at a suburban Chicago manufacturing warehouse is offering condolences to the victims’ families, with one relative saying “we deep [...]
CHICAGO (AP) — A federal judge gave the green light Tuesday to a parks-advocacy group’s lawsuit that aims to stop for good the delayed construction of former President Barack Obama’s $500 million pres [...]