Carter G. Woodson
In 1915, Woodson published his first book,Â The Education of the Negro Prior to 1861and co-founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH).Â In 1916, he singlehandedly launchedÂ The Journal of Negro History, nowÂ The Journal of African American History.Â In 1918, Woodson publishedÂ A Century of Negro Migrationand became the principal of Armstrong Manual Training School, Washington, D.C.Â From 1919 until 1920, he was the Dean of Howard Universityâ€™s School of Liberal Arts and from 1920 until 1922 he served as a dean at West Virginia Collegiate Institute.Â In 1921, he publishedÂ The History of the Negro ChurchÂ and founded the Associated Publishers, Inc.Â After founding the ASNLH, he also became active in black organizations like the NAACP, the National Urban League, the Friends of Negro Freedom, and the Committee of 200.
In 1922, he published the first edition of his popularÂ The Negro in Our HistoryÂ and decided to commit his lifeâ€™s work, routinely laboring 18 hours per day, to the ASNLH and the early black history movement.Â On July 18, 1922, he purchased a three-story, late-nineteenth century Italianate style row house in Washington D.C. located at 1538 Ninth Street, NW that became his personal residence as well as the office for the Associated Publishers, Inc. and the national headquarters of the ASNLH. During the 1920s, Woodson received tens of thousands dollars from several white philanthropists to fund the ASNLHâ€™s various activities.Â In 1926, he launched Negro History Week.Â By the early 1930s, Woodson relied upon black communities throughout the country to maintain his organizationâ€™s activities.Â In 1937, he createdÂ The Negro History BulletinÂ mainly for children and schoolteachers and throughout the 1930s and 1940s Woodson spoke at countless elementary and high schools, Negro History Week events, and at the graduation ceremonies for many HBCUs.Â Once in Detroit, MI in February 1935, he addressed â€œmore than three thousand persons.â€�Â During the 1930s and 1940s, Woodson wrote several hundred essays in leading black newspapers such as theÂ New York Age, the Pittsburgh Courier,Â theÂ Afro-AmericanÂ (Baltimore), and theÂ Chicago Defender. In 1933, he publishedÂ The Mis-Education of the NegroÂ (1933).Â Though he wrote, co-authored, and/or edited more than twenty books, this is his most famous and enduring book.Â Woodson died suddenly from a heart attack in his â€œoffice homeâ€� on April 3, 1950.Â He never married and had no children.Â Deservingly dubbed â€œThe Father of Black History,â€� he was, simply put, a black history institution builder.