Born in Valdosta, Georgia. Educated at Paine College in Augusta, graduating in 1942, and later at American University (M.A., 1944), and Yale (Ph.D., 1947). Taught philosophy briefly at Georgia State College in Savannah.
Worked as a newspaper reporter, for BaltimoreÂ Afro-AmericanÂ andÂ Chicago American, until 1958; later a freelance magazine journalist and author of books includingÂ The Reluctant AfricanÂ (1960),Â The Negro RevoltÂ (1962),Â When the Word Is Given: A Report on Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, and Black Muslim World(1963),Â Thailand: The War That Is, The War That Will BeÂ (1967), andÂ To Kill a Black ManÂ (1968).
In 1959, with Mike Wallace, interviewed Malcolm X for documentary on Nation of Islam,Â The Hate That Hate Produced.Â From 1964 to 1968 hosted twice-weekly Los Angeles television show on KTTV; lectured widely on college campuses. Died in automobile accident near Santa Rosa, New Mexico.
On Nov. 1, 1945, America got its first look atÂ Ebony,Â a monthly coffee-table magazine modeled afterÂ LookÂ andLifeÂ but whose goals were to focus on the achievements of blacks from â€œHarlem to Hollywoodâ€� and to â€œoffer positive images of blacks in a world of negative images.â€�
Founded by publisher John H. Johnson,Â Ebonyâ€™s first cover ironically did not feature a glamorous black entertainer or an African-American â€œfirstâ€� but seven boys â€” six of them white â€” from a program to improve race relations. The first issue sold out at 25, 000 copies. Circulation peaked at nearly 2 million in 1997.
In addition to the fashion and beauty stories that continue to beÂ EbonyÂ mainstays, the magazine also tackled civil rights, education and black entrepreneurship, stories important to the black community that mainstream publications often ignored.
Through the lens of longtimeÂ EbonyÂ photographer Moneta Sleet who died in 1996,Â Ebonywas at the forefront of some of the most important stories in history.Â Continue reading
The Amsterdam News was started on December 4, 1909, by James H. Anderson. The paper began production with an initial capital only $10. Being located in the center of Harlem, The Amsterdam News spoke for the largest black population in the nation. The paper placed an emphasis on reporting black society news, such as weddings. At one time it had a circulation of more than 100,000 subscribers. During the 1940’s The Amsterdam News was one of the four leading newspapers in the nation.Â Continue reading