Miles Vandahurst Lynk was born near the small town of Brownsville, TN on June 3, 1871 in Haywood County. He was the first-born son of former slaves who made their living off of a small family farm. At the age of six, Miles Lynkâ€™s father was killed in an accident and the young boy was forced to take on adult responsibilities in helping his mother on the farm.
In spite of the hard times, Lynkâ€™s mother insisted that her son attend the rural black schools in the region at least five months a year. She spent much of her time tutoring him herself. She covered the gaps in his education with what books she could acquire and the young boy became a voracious reader. They made enough money from the farm to hire a private tutor and Milesâ€™ was able to study advanced academic subjects and gained an able education.Â Continue reading
The Baltimore Afro-American, commonly known as The Afro, is a weekly newspaper published in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It is the flagship newspaper of the Afro-American chain and the longest-running African-American family-owned newspaper in the United States
The newspaper was founded in 1892 by a former slave, John H. Murphy, Sr., who merged his church publication, The Sunday School Helper, with two other church publications, The Ledger and The Afro-American. The publication began to rise in prominence when, in 1922, Carl Murphy took control and served as its editor for 45 years. There have been as many as 13 editions of the newspaper in major cities across the country; today there are just two: one in Baltimore, and the other in Washington, D.C.
Born in Valdosta, Georgia. Educated at Paine College in Augusta, graduating in 1942, and later at American University (M.A., 1944), and Yale (Ph.D., 1947). Taught philosophy briefly at Georgia State College in Savannah.
Worked as a newspaper reporter, for BaltimoreÂ Afro-AmericanÂ andÂ Chicago American, until 1958; later a freelance magazine journalist and author of books includingÂ The Reluctant AfricanÂ (1960),Â The Negro RevoltÂ (1962),Â When the Word Is Given: A Report on Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, and Black Muslim World(1963),Â Thailand: The War That Is, The War That Will BeÂ (1967), andÂ To Kill a Black ManÂ (1968).
In 1959, with Mike Wallace, interviewed Malcolm X for documentary on Nation of Islam,Â The Hate That Hate Produced.Â From 1964 to 1968 hosted twice-weekly Los Angeles television show on KTTV; lectured widely on college campuses. Died in automobile accident near Santa Rosa, New Mexico.
On Nov. 1, 1945, America got its first look atÂ Ebony,Â a monthly coffee-table magazine modeled afterÂ LookÂ andLifeÂ but whose goals were to focus on the achievements of blacks from â€œHarlem to Hollywoodâ€� and to â€œoffer positive images of blacks in a world of negative images.â€�
Founded by publisher John H. Johnson,Â Ebonyâ€™s first cover ironically did not feature a glamorous black entertainer or an African-American â€œfirstâ€� but seven boys â€” six of them white â€” from a program to improve race relations. The first issue sold out at 25, 000 copies. Circulation peaked at nearly 2 million in 1997.
In addition to the fashion and beauty stories that continue to beÂ EbonyÂ mainstays, the magazine also tackled civil rights, education and black entrepreneurship, stories important to the black community that mainstream publications often ignored.
Through the lens of longtimeÂ EbonyÂ photographer Moneta Sleet who died in 1996,Â Ebonywas at the forefront of some of the most important stories in history.Â Continue reading