Goals of THE PHOENIX SOCIETY of New York
The Liberator, 29 June 1833
In 1833 several black leaders in New York City formed the Phoenix Society to promote the education of the city’s African Americans – children and adults alike – through classes, lectures, lending libraries, job centers, and the mutual support needed to pursue these goals. The Society began several programs yet folded later in the decade for lack of funds. Other black mutual aid and literary societies in the city continued to pursue the goals envisioned by the Phoenix Society.
THIS SOCIETY WILL AIM TO ACCOMPLISH THEFOLLOWING OBJECTS: Continue reading
In 1654, John Casor became the first legal slave in America. Anthony Johnson, previously an African indentured slave, claimed John Casor as his slave. The Northampton County rule against Casor, and declared him propter for life by Anthony Johnson. Since Africans were not English, they were not covered by the English Common Law.
The First Black Slave was brought by the Dutch to the colony of Jamestown, 1619.
.During the Jim Crow era, African American college teams were barred from the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the National Invitational Tournament (NIT). But a brave few found ways around these restrictions. A secret game held in 1944 between a white team from Duke University and a black team fromÂ North Carolina Central UniversityÂ was one of the first integrated sports events in the South.
In early 1944, black and white students from North Carolina Central University andÂ Duke UniversityÂ met at the Durham YMCA for clandestine prayer meetings. A friendly challenge led to a basketball game between the NCCU varsity team and the team from Dukeâ€™s medical school to determine the best team in Durham. Continue reading