Navy Department Press Release, October 19,Â 1944:
Negro Women to be Accepted in Women’s Reserve, U.S. Naval Reserve.Â The President today approved a plan submitted by the Navy Department providing for the acceptance of Negro women in the Women’s Reserve of the Navy.
The plan calls for the immediate commissioning of a limited number of especially qualified Negro women to serve as administrative officers. They will assist in the subsequent planning and supervision of the program for Negro women which will be administered as an integral part of the Women’s Reserve.
Enlistment of Negro women will be undertaken as soon as these plans have been completed and it is presently indicated that the first Negro recruits will enter training shortly after January 1. Officer candidates and enlisted women will be trained at existing schools for the training of WAVES. The number to be enlisted will be determined by the needs of the service.
The Ole Miss riot 1962 was a riot fought between Southern segregationist civilians and federal and state forces as a result of the forced enrollment of black student James Meredith at the University of Mississippi (known affectionately as Ole Miss) at Oxford, Mississippi.
On October 1, 1962, James H. Meredith became the first black student at the University of Mississippi, after being barred from entering on September 20 and several other occasions in the following days. His enrollment, publicly opposed by segregationist Governor Ross Barnett, sparked riots on the Oxford campus, which required the U.S. Marshals.
Later on (federal) U.S. Army military police from the 503rd Military Police Battalion were sent by President John F. Kennedy. Troops from U.S. Border Patrol and Mississippi National Guard were called in, as well. The involvement of federal forces was opposed for a long time by the President and Attorney General Robert Kennedy. Continue reading
1 lb. or more ham butt, shoulder,
etc. or 1 ring smoked sausage
2 lg. onions
1 green pepper
2 bay leaves
CAUTION: No salt
Soak the beans overnight in 6 cups of cold water. Cut the ham or sausage in 1″ pieces, coarsely cut up the onion and pepper. Dump all this merchandise in with the beans and add another cup or so of water to make up for what the beans have absorbed. Bring to a brisk boil, then immediately reduce the heat (to 200 degrees, if you have a controlled burner), cover the boiler and simmer the beans until they are tender and a good red gravy appears. They should cook in about 1 1/2 to 2 hours, but this varies. You keep fishing out samples and trying same until you get what you want. It may be necessary to add a little boiling water if they tend to cook dry. The meat usually has quite a plenty salt, but you may want to pep the beans up with a little Louisiana Hot Sauce and/or a little chili powder, but go easy. Serve these in bowls, to be eaten with a spoon.