Thomas J. Martin
Thomas Andrew Dorsey
Charles Clinton Spaulding
William Lloyd Garrison
Georgia Blanche Douglas
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin addresses 1st Nat’l Conference of Colored Women
First States to Abolish Slavery
Slavery declared unlawful in British Empire
Selma Freedom March
- Maysa – Blue Velvet Soul
- Yellowjackets – A Rise in the Road
- Larry Corban – The Circle Starts Here
- Bobby McFerrin – Spirityouall
- Brandon Bernstein – But Beautiful
- Mavis Staples – One True Vine
- Christian McBride and Inside Straight – People Music
- Glenn Cashman’s Southland Nonet – Music Without Borders
- Robin Bessier – Other Side of Forever
- George Duke – Dreamweaver
- Pablo Ablanedo Octet – ReContraDoble
- Booker T – Sound The Alarm
- Matt Herskowitz – Upstairs
- Dave Koz and Friends – Summer Horns
- George Benson – Inspiration (A Tribute To Nat King Cole)
Yolande Cornelia ‘Nikki’ Giovanni
Yolande Cornelia “Nikki” Giovanni, born in Knoxville, Tennessee, is a world-renowned poet, writer, commentator, activist, and educator. A leading poet of the Black Arts Movement, Giovanni’s work reflects her radical politics. In 1967 she graduated from Fisk University and published her first poetry collection, Black Feeling. It was followed by the poetry collections Black Talk (1968) and Black Judgment (1970). Truth Is on Its Way, a recording of Giovanni reading poems set to gospel and other black music, was a bestseller in 1971.
After the birth of her son in 1969, Giovanni’s work became more personal and less political. In 1989 she began teaching English at Virginia Polytechnic Institute. The Selected Poems of Nikki Giovanni was published in 1996 and Blues for All the Changes: New Poems appeared in 1999.
Over the past thirty years, Nikki’s outspokenness, in her writing and in person, has brought the eyes of the world upon her. One of the most widely read American poets, she prides herself on being “a Black American, a daughter, a mother, a professor of English.”
Giovanni remains as determined and committed as ever to the fight for civil rights and equality. Always insisting on presenting the truth as she sees it, she has maintained a prominent place as a strong voice of the Black community. Her focus is on the individual, specifically, on the power one has to make a difference in oneself, and thus, in the lives of others.
Nikki Giovanni has written more than two dozen books, including volumes of poetry, illustrated children’s books, and three collections of essays. Her book Racism 101 includes bold, controversial essays about the situation of Americans on all sides of various race issues. She has received nineteen honorary doctorates and a host of other awards, including “Woman of the Year” awards from three different magazines as well as Governors’ Awards in the Arts from both Tennessee and Virginia. Her two most recent volumes of poetry, Love Poems and Blues: For All the Changes, were both winners of the NAACP Image Award, in 1998 and 2000, respectively. Since 1987, she has taught writing and literature at Virginia Tech, where she is a University Distinguished Professor. As a devoted and passionate writer, teacher, and speaker, she inspires not only her students, but also readers and audiences nationwide.